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The first reference to Phaistos is made by Homer in the Iliad and the Odyssey, where he mentions Phaistos in the list of cities that participated in the Trojan War. It is a Minoan town in southern Crete and probably dates back to the 17th century BC.

The view of the hill is panoramic and is surrounded by the imposing mountains of Psiloritis, Asterousia and Lassithi Mountains, while the small town of Tympaki is located. An economic, administrative and religious center, supervised the fertile plain of Mesara. Under the control of Phaistos were the ancient harbors of Matala and Kommos.

The Phaistos disk is one of its archaeological finds. It is one of the most famous mysteries of archeology, since the purpose of its construction and the meaning of what is written on it remains unknown.